Multiple Sclerosis Causes
The root cause of multiple sclerosis is still unknown and continuous studies are being conducted to determine the main cause of the condition. However, some experts believe that multiple sclerosis causes may include the following:
- Immunologic Reaction: as this is considered as an autoimmune disease, this is considered as the primary cause of multiple sclerosis. The body’s immune system attacks any foreign cell or antigen and eliminate it from the body. However, in case the immune system targets the myelin sheath, this causes multiple sclerosis.
- Infectious Agents: researches revealed that viral agents could also lead to the destruction of the myelin sheath. When the body’s immune system starts attacking persistent bacterial and viral infection within the central nervous system, it may affect the myelin cells. These infectious agents may include Chlamydia, Epstein-Barr virus, herpes virus and measles among others.
- Environmental Agents: experts believe that certain geographical regions or areas can make individuals susceptible to multiple sclerosis. It was said that individuals who live far from the equator and those who are not getting enough sunlight are at risk of developing this condition.
- Genetic Agents: although this is not considered as a hereditary disease, some experts do believe that family members are susceptible to the condition if one of the members is suffering from multiple sclerosis. If a grandparent, uncle or aunt suffers from multiple sclerosis, a 1 in 100 chance of developing the condition is possible.
From the multiple sclerosis causes mentioned above, you will notice that there are no concrete trigger factors for the condition. Most of these causes are just assumptions given out by scientists and experts who are still studying the nature of the condition. Up to this day, a study is still being conducted to determine the root cause of multiple sclerosis, thus making the condition hard to prevent.